In France, all textiles have a label delivering all the necessary information relating to its nature and its maintenance. If the garment does not consist of a single textile, the symbols refer to the requirements of its most fragile – and that includes its dye, its a primer (operation performed on the raw materials), accessories and fittings. Discover all the 5 families of symbols as well as the decoding of instructions and the maintenance associated with it.
The washing, symbolized by a cuvier on the labels
When a cuvier is present on the label of the garment, washing home is possible, without which the latter is crossed out. With a hand who plunges into the water, it is necessary to opt for a hand-wash under penalty of cause irreversible damage to the article. Without it, the symbol is usually associated figuresplaced inside, which refer to the maximum temperature recommended. Often, a wash at 95 °C, only the cotton or linen and white, when washing at 40 °C is more suitable to the articles of the dark colors, whether they be in cotton, polyester or mixed fibers.
Note that if the symbol is accompanied byone or two lines belowit takes more or less reduce the amount of laundry to be inserted in the machine.
The triangle of money laundering
The presence of a triangle on the garment label refers to the ability to blanch or not (if it is crossed out). Recommended to remove stains and soiling, or to improve the brightness of the article, the bleaching is a treatment using a oxidizing agent. This can include chlorine (such as bleach) or not (detergents universal). Attention, if the whitening can only be operated with products that are oxygenated chlorine-free, the symbol of the triangle is with two striped oblique inside.
Note that before using a stain remover, whatever it is, it is preferable to carry out a test on a small hidden part of the garment.
The square of the drying
When the garment label a squarethis refers to the possibility of dry it in the washing machine. On the inside, the circle symbolizes the drum of the dryer. When he is crossed out, this means logically that the article does not support a passage in it. The points inside refer to the temperature maximum allowed : two points allow a drying without reserve and without restriction ; a point requires a few precautions, with the choice of a program moderate (60 °C and drying time is reduced).
Note thata square without round inside indicates the terms and conditions of a natural drying : On wire (1 vertical bar), wire in the shadow (2 vertical bars), on a wire without spin (1 horizontal bar) and on the line without spinning the shadow (2 horizontal bars). The terms of a flat drying resonate with these codes, just by adding a slash in the upper left corner.
The ironing, symbolized by an iron
Logically enough, the symbol of the ironing on the label of a garment takes the form of a iron and ironing board. When it is blocked, it is strongly recommended not to do so, as this may make irreversible changes to the article. As for drying, the points inside the iron refer to the maximum temperature recommended. Thus, with 3 points, it should not exceed 200 °C ; with 2 points, 150 °C ; and 1 point of 110 °C.
Note that it is not recommended for ironing the articles where the winery is highlighted with a strokeespecially if they have been suspended after the spin cycle and put in shape are still wet, or if they have been dried horizontally.
The circle of professional cleaning
Finally, the symbol of the circle on a clothing label refers to the professional cleaning – whether dry or with water. On this occasion, various solvents are used. Dry-cleaning, the P inside of the round means " Perchloroethylene "and the F "Mineral spirits ". With a line below it, there should opt for a process to be moderate with a limitation of the mechanical stress, the addition of moisture or temperature. The cleaning water is symbolized with W : barré, it is not allowed ; highlighted one or two of the traits, it will be necessary to choose a process moderate to very moderate ; and finally, without further qualification, the professional will be able to operate without restriction.
Regardless of the recommendations of the label, you can find the program that you need on a machine WASHiN present in your student residence or senior, your hotel, your campsite or your ski resort !